Understanding Backing Gates in Milking Parlours

In the context of milking parlours, backing gates refer to a crucial component of the milking process that helps manage the movement of dairy cows during milking. These gates are designed to facilitate the efficient and organised flow of cows into and out of the milking area, ensuring that the milking process is both productive and stress-free for the animals.


  • Cohesion: Backing gates help keep the cows in a single-file line as they enter and exit the milking area, preventing overcrowding and chaos.
  • Safety: They ensure the safety of both the cows and the milking personnel by preventing cows from turning around or backing up unexpectedly.
  • Efficiency: Backing gates help maintain a consistent and controlled milking process, reducing the risk of delays or disruptions.


Backing gates can be manually or automatically operated, depending on the level of automation in the milking parlour.

  • Manual Operation: In some parlours, a human operator controls the movement of the backing gates, typically using a control panel or a remote device. This requires constant monitoring to ensure cows are correctly positioned.
  • Automatic Operation: In modern, highly automated milking systems, sensors and computer programs can control the backing gates. These systems can detect the presence of cows and adjust the gates accordingly, ensuring a smooth and efficient milking process.


Backing gates are usually designed as sturdy, moveable barriers or gates that can swing or slide. They are positioned strategically within the milking parlour to guide the cows’ movement. The design may vary depending on the specific layout of the milking facility and the level of automation.


Backing gates are typically placed at key locations, such as the entrance and exit of the milking stalls or individual bays. They are positioned to encourage cows to enter the milking area in an orderly fashion and exit once milking is complete.


  1. Enhanced Cow Welfare:
    • Reduced Stress: Backing gates help maintain a calm and orderly flow of cows, reducing stress and anxiety among the animals. A relaxed cow tends to produce higher-quality milk and is less likely to exhibit aggressive behaviour.
  2. Improved Milk Quality:
    • Consistency: The controlled movement of cows facilitated by backing gates ensures that each cow spends a similar amount of time in the milking stall. This consistency can lead to more uniform milking and better-quality milk.
  3. Efficiency and Productivity:
    • Faster Milking Process: Properly managed cow movement, thanks to backing gates, allows for a quicker milking process. Cows can be efficiently milked one after the other, maximising the throughput of the milking parlour.
    • Optimised Labor: With automated backing gate systems, labor requirements are reduced. Milking personnel can focus on other critical tasks, such as monitoring cow health and maintaining equipment.
  4. Safety:
    • Reduced Risk of Injury: Backing gates minimize the chances of cows turning around or backing up unexpectedly, which can be dangerous for both cows and humans. This promotes a safer working environment for milking personnel.
    • Controlled Movement: The controlled flow of cows ensures that they move predictably, reducing the risk of accidents and injuries during milking.
  5. Data Collection and Monitoring:
    • Data Integration: In automated milking systems, backing gates are often integrated with data collection and monitoring systems. This allows for real-time tracking of cow movements, health data, and milk production statistics, enabling better management decisions.
  6. Reduction in Mastitis and Health Issues:
    • Proper Positioning: Backing gates ensure that cows are correctly positioned in the milking stalls, reducing the risk of contamination and mastitis, which can result from improper milking techniques.
    • Health Monitoring: Automated systems can also include health monitoring sensors that alert farm operators to any signs of illness or discomfort in the cows, allowing for prompt intervention and treatment.
  7. Economic Benefits:
    • Higher Milk Yield: A well-managed, low-stress milking process can contribute to higher milk yields over time.
    • Cost Savings: Automation and efficient milking practices can lead to cost savings through reduced labor expenses, lower veterinary bills, and improved overall farm profitability.
  8. Improved Animal Behaviour:
    • Training and Conditioning: Consistent use of backing gates can help condition cows to follow a routine, making them more cooperative during milking and reducing the need for physical restraint.

Recommended Design

A trusted and reliable design is the ElectroMech Agri Titan Backing Gate. This backing gate is available in two options, conditional to the parlour configuration. Both designs are custom-made to the requirements of the collecting yard and are built for heavy duty use.

Cow flow through a parlour can be improved by up to 20% if a crowd gate is properly managed. All structures that are in contact with the cow are free of electricity which allows a safe and stress-free cow movement to the parlour.

In summary, backing gates play a crucial role in milking parlours by guiding and controlling the movement of cows during the milking process.

They help ensure the well-being of the animals, the efficiency of milking operations, and the safety of the personnel involved. Modern milking parlours often incorporate automation to optimise the use of backing gates for a more streamlined and stress-free milking experience.


  1. What is a backing gate in a milking parlour? A backing gate in a milking parlour is a mechanical or automated gate system designed to control and guide the movement of dairy cows during the milking process.
  2. What is the purpose of backing gates? The primary purpose of backing gates is to ensure the orderly and efficient movement of cows into and out of the milking area, optimising the milking process and reducing stress on the cows.
  3. How do backing gates work? Backing gates can be operated manually or automatically. Manual systems are controlled by a human operator, while automated systems use sensors and computer programs to detect and adjust gate positions based on cow movement.
  4. Why are backing gates important in milking parlours? Backing gates are important because they help maintain cow welfare, improve milk quality, enhance milking efficiency, ensure worker safety, and contribute to overall farm profitability.
  5. What are the benefits of using automated backing gates? Automated backing gates offer benefits such as reduced labor requirements, consistent cow positioning, real-time data monitoring, and the ability to integrate with other farm management systems.