Dairy Farmer’s Guide to Milking Parlour Cleaning

As a dairy farmer, ensuring the cleanliness of your milking parlour is essential for the health of your cows and the quality of the milk they produce. Cleanliness not only prevents the spread of infections but also maintains the hygienic standards required for producing safe and nutritious milk. In this guide, we will explore the step-by-step process of milking parlour cleaning, the equipment and supplies needed, challenges faced, and the importance of maintaining high-quality hygiene practices.

Essential Equipment and Supplies

To ensure effective milking parlour cleaning, you’ll need a set of essential equipment. This includes high-pressure washers, brushes, scrubbers, and cleaning agents. Choosing appropriate cleaning agents is vital, as the wrong ones may harm the milking equipment or leave residues that can contaminate the milk.

Learn More About Milking Parlour Cleaning Chemicals.

Step-by-Step Cleaning Process

The milking parlour cleaning process involves several steps to achieve thorough hygiene. Before starting, ensure proper pre-cleaning preparations and safety measures are in place. This includes wearing appropriate protective gear and checking that all milking equipment is disconnected and ready for cleaning. The cleaning process involves cleaning surfaces, teat cups, pipelines, and milk storage tanks, with each requiring specific attention to detail.

Let’s walk through the step-by-step cleaning process to help you maintain a high standard of cleanliness in your milking parlour:

  1. Pre-Cleaning Preparations: Before starting the cleaning process, make sure to prepare the milking parlour and yourself for the task. Gather all the necessary cleaning equipment, including high-pressure washers, brushes, scrubbers, and cleaning agents. Wear appropriate protective gear, such as gloves and aprons, to protect yourself from any cleaning agents or debris.
  2. Empty and Disconnect Milking Equipment: Begin the cleaning process by emptying all the milking equipment, such as the milk containers, pipelines, and milking buckets. Disconnect the equipment and ensure that there is no residual milk left in the system.
  3. Dry Cleaning: Before applying any cleaning agents, perform a dry cleaning of the milking parlour surfaces and equipment. Use brushes and scrubbers to remove loose dirt, manure, and debris from the walls, floors, and milking equipment. This step helps prepare the surfaces for the more thorough wet cleaning that follows.
  4. Apply Cleaning Agents: Once the dry cleaning is done, it’s time to apply the appropriate cleaning agents to the surfaces and equipment. Use dairy-approved cleaning agents that are effective against bacteria and contaminants but safe for both cows and milkers. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for dilution and application.
  5. Scrub and Soak: Use brushes and scrubbers to scrub the surfaces thoroughly, ensuring that all areas are reached and cleaned properly. Pay special attention to areas that are hard to reach or have crevices where bacteria may hide. For certain equipment, such as milking claws and liners, consider soaking them in a cleaning solution for a more thorough cleanse.
  6. High-Pressure Rinse: After the cleaning agents have had enough time to work their magic, use a high-pressure washer to rinse off the cleaning solution from the surfaces and equipment. The high-pressure rinse helps to dislodge any remaining dirt and residues, leaving the milking parlour surfaces clean and sanitised.
  7. Check for Residue: After the high-pressure rinse, inspect all the surfaces and equipment for any remaining residues or signs of dirt. Repeat the cleaning process if necessary to ensure that everything is thoroughly clean.
  8. Sanitisation: Sanitisation is a crucial step in the cleaning process, as it helps eliminate any remaining bacteria and ensures a hygienic milking environment. Use a dairy-approved sanitising agent and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for dilution and application.
  9. Allow Adequate Drying Time: Allow the milking parlour surfaces and equipment to air dry completely before reconnecting the milking equipment. This prevents any potential contamination of the milk.
  10. Reconnect Milking Equipment: Once everything is dry and sanitised, reconnect the milking equipment carefully. Make sure all connections are secure to prevent leaks during milking.
  11. Post-Cleaning Inspection: Conduct a post-cleaning inspection to ensure that all cleaning steps have been completed successfully. Check for any potential issues or areas that may need extra attention during the next cleaning.
  12. Maintain Cleaning Records: Keep detailed records of your cleaning schedules, including the date and time of each cleaning session. This will help you monitor the cleaning effectiveness and ensure that regular cleaning is maintained.

To ensure that germs are not spread from one animal to the next, thorough maintenance cleaning of the entire milking house and the milking area is recommended after each milking shift.

Other Considerations When Cleaning Your Milking Parlours

Addressing Challenges and Concerns

Cleaning a milking parlour can present various challenges, such as removing stubborn dirt and dealing with harmful bacteria. It’s crucial to use the right cleaning techniques and agents to overcome these challenges effectively. Regular maintenance and inspections are also essential to prevent issues from arising.

Tip – cleaning specific areas with acidic detergent:

The use of an acidic cleaning agent is recommended for areas that come into frequent contact with urine and milk. Rinse off the foam from top to bottom after the recommended exposure time.

Automation and Technology in Cleaning

Advancements in technology have introduced automated milking parlour cleaning systems, which offer efficiency and convenience to dairy farmers. These systems ensure consistent cleaning standards and reduce the dependency on manual labor. However, it’s essential to consider the initial costs and maintenance requirements before adopting such technology.

Learn more about CIP Systems For Milking Parlours.

Ensuring Proper Hygiene

In addition to cleaning the milking parlour, maintaining personal hygiene is crucial for the milking staff. The milker’s hands and clothing should be clean to prevent contamination during the milking process. Regular hand washing and the use of protective clothing are vital.

Monitoring and Quality Control

Establishing a regular cleaning schedule and routine checks are essential for maintaining cleanliness and quality standards. Regular monitoring helps identify and address potential issues early on. Implementing a quality control program ensures that cleaning protocols are followed correctly.

Sustainability and Waste Management

Dairy farmers can adopt sustainable practices in milking parlour cleaning to reduce their environmental impact. This includes using eco-friendly cleaning agents and managing waste responsibly.

Training and Education

Educating staff on proper cleaning procedures is essential to ensure consistency and effectiveness. Ongoing training allows the team to stay updated on best practices and new developments in milking parlour cleaning.

Maintaining Milk Quality and Profitability

Clean milking parlours directly impact milk quality and, subsequently, the farmer’s profits. High-quality milk commands a higher price in the market, attracting more customers and enhancing the reputation of the dairy farm.

Addressing Cow Comfort and Welfare

A clean milking parlour contributes to cow comfort and well-being. Cows are more likely to cooperate during the milking process if they are in a clean and comfortable environment.

Dealing with Water Quality and Usage

Using clean water for milking parlour cleaning is crucial. Water quality affects the efficiency of cleaning agents and impacts overall hygiene. Additionally, conserving water is both environmentally responsible and cost-effective.


In conclusion, milking parlour cleaning is an integral part of dairy farming that directly affects milk quality, cow health, and overall profitability. By following a systematic cleaning process, using appropriate equipment and cleaning agents, and incorporating sustainable practices, dairy farmers can ensure a clean and healthy environment for their cows and produce high-quality milk.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. How often should I clean my milking parlour? The cleaning frequency depends on the milking parlour type and the size of the herd. In general, it’s recommended to clean the milking parlour after each milking session.
  2. Can I use homemade cleaning agents for milking parlour cleaning? While some homemade solutions may work, it’s best to use commercially available cleaning agents specifically designed for milking equipment.
  3. How can I deal with hard water affecting my cleaning efficiency? If you have hard water, consider using water softeners or descaling agents to improve cleaning effectiveness.
  4. Are automated milking parlour cleaning systems expensive? Initially, automated systems may involve higher costs, but they can lead to long-term savings in labor and improved cleaning efficiency.
  5. Can poor milking parlour cleaning impact cow udder health? Yes, poor cleaning practices can lead to udder infections and other health issues in cows, ultimately affecting milk quality.

This post is part of our learning centre. Content designed for new farmers or those looking to learn more about milking parlours and the industry. If this something you’re interested, check our Learning Centre!